The JPA 1.0 / 2.0 specifications are clear about the JTA or / RESOURCE_LOCAL usage on application servers:"The transaction-type attribute is used to specify whether the entity managers provided by the entity manager factory for the persistence unit must be JTA entity managers or resource-local entity managers. The value of this element is JTA or RESOURCE_LOCAL. A transaction-type of JTA assumes that a JTA data source will be provided—either as specified by the jta-data-source element or provided by the container. In general, in Java EE environments, a transaction-type of RESOURCE_LOCAL assumes that a non-JTA datasource will be provided. In a Java EE environment, if this element is not specified, the default is JTA. In a Java SE environment, if this element is not specified, the default is RESOURCE_LOCAL."
see Section 18.104.22.168, Page 312 from JSR-317 If you deploy the following persistence.xml:
into a Java EE application server, you will also have to manage both: the EntityManager and it's JTA-transaction by yourself. This will end up with lots of plumbing. Instead of RESOURCE_LOCAL, you should use the JTA setting in production. With the JTA setting you don't have to specify the JDBC-connection and use a preconfigured JTA datasource instead:
<persistence> <persistence-unit name="integration" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL"> <class>...AnEntity</class> <exclude-unlisted-classes>true</exclude-unlisted-classes> <properties> <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.url" value="jdbc:derby:memory:testDB;create=true"/> <property name="javax.persistence.jdbc.driver" value="org.apache.derby.jdbc.EmbeddedDriver"/> <property name="eclipselink.ddl-generation" value="create-tables"/> </properties> </persistence-unit> </persistence>
[persistence.xml with RESOURCE_LOCAL was used for local integration tests of x-ray. See also page 109 "Unit Test Is Not Integration Test" in Real World Java EE Night Hacks--Dissecting the Business Tier.]
<persistence> <persistence-unit name="prod" transaction-type="JTA"> <jta-data-source>jdbc/sample</jta-data-source> <properties> <property name="eclipselink.ddl-generation" value="drop-and-create-tables"/> </properties> </persistence-unit> </persistence>
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