Adam Bien's Weblog

Java 8 Streams: From List To Map

A list of POJOs:


public class Workshop {

    private String name;
    private int attendance;

    public Workshop(String name, int attendance) {
        this.name = name;
        this.attendance = attendance;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public int getAttendance() {
        return attendance;
    }
}


...can be directly converted into a Map using the built-in toMap Collector:



import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.is;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertThat;
import org.junit.Test;

public class CollectorsTest {

    @Test
    public void listToMap() {
        List<Workshop> workshops
                = Arrays.asList(
                        new Workshop("bootstrap", 21),
                        new Workshop("effective", 42)
                );
        
        Map<String, Integer> workshopsMap = workshops.
                stream().
                collect(Collectors.toMap(Workshop::getName,Workshop::getAttendance));
      
        assertThat(workshopsMap.size(), is(2));
        assertThat(workshopsMap.get("bootstrap"), is(21));
        assertThat(workshopsMap.get("effective"), is(42));

    }

}

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Comments:

Hi Adam,

Your code is working only if the Name is unique for each Workshop in the Collection (Otherwise an Exception will be thrown that the map-key is not unique).
If Name is not unique, following code might help:

Map<String, Set<Workshop>> map = workshops.stream()
.collect(Collectors.groupingBy(Workshop::getName, Collectors.mapping(Function.identity(), Collectors.toSet())));

Posted by Christian Thiel on January 29, 2016 at 08:47 AM CET #

The code will also throw an npe if the value is null, which is somewhat surprising for a Map. You are using int, so that is not happen in this case, but in other use cases with Object as a value it is possible.

Posted by Alex on January 30, 2016 at 07:02 AM CET #

Hi Adam,

I found this post very useful. Thank you!

I have a question, too:

Can we still convert easily if we had

private Person instructor;

and would like a Map of instructor names and attendance (assuming the field name exists in class Person)?

Posted by Cristina Fierbinteanu on October 14, 2016 at 12:07 PM CEST #

Nice Article

Posted by Yash on November 06, 2016 at 10:22 AM CET #

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