JavaEE 7 - Injecting A ManagedExecutorService

Legacy resources can be easily integrated with JavaEE 7 in a robust way using the JSR 236: Concurrency Utilities for Java EE 7

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What was that ? How can I unseen my 3 minutes ?

Posted by on February 12, 2014 at 12:05 PM CET #


this was just an answer to multiple Java EE / concurrency questions I got. Instead of writing multiple emails, I just recorded a screencast.

a follow-up is coming,

thanks for watching! Btw. You not only spent 3 minutes watching this, but also about 1 min commenting. So in total you spent about 4 mins...



Posted by Adam Bien on February 12, 2014 at 02:13 PM CET #


In jee 6 I used: "ExecutorService executor = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(THREADS);". Please explain me what differs ManagedExecutorService from "old standard" ExecutorService, and why should I use @Resource injection over static factory method ?

Posted by Marek on February 14, 2014 at 11:26 AM CET #


a ManagedExecutorService provides you with the following additional features:

1.Monitoring: an application server will be able to report back the current amount of threads etc.
2. Management / Configuration: with MES it is trivial to change the thread pool configuration any settings without recompiling the application.
3. Context: MES provides tasks with additional context like e.g. security.
4. Robustness: starting application managed threads can quickly overload the application server. In the past I got some contracts to solve such problems :-)

enjoy Java!,


Posted by Adam Bien on February 14, 2014 at 02:07 PM CET #

Hi Adam,

Sorry this may be a little off topic.

My question is:
I have several EJB timers which perform some background tasks (like a robot/agent). Where should I put these classes under the ECB (Entity-Control-Boundary) scope?



Posted by David on February 16, 2014 at 08:53 AM CET #

Hi Adam!

Could you please elaborate on the purpose of this video? You say that it's the only legal way to run threads in Java EE 6, so I have 2 questions:

1) Why are you running this on Java EE 7? As far as I understand the preferred way to run multithreaded apps in Java EE 7 is with ManagedExecutorService. Or am I wrong?

2) Why do we need Runnable at all in this example? The EJB doesn't start a new Thread, it just executes a run() method. So, instead of passing Runnable, we could as well pass some Command object.

Posted by Anton on February 16, 2014 at 08:29 PM CET #


I think you are referring to another video ("EJBs as Executors":

1.) I ran this video on JavaEE 7, because all my projects are JavaEE 7 projects and I was too lazy to downgrade the server to JavaEE 6

2.) You don't need Runnable at all. However: with the Runnable-trick you can pass any legacy runnable-implementation and it is getting to be executed in a managed way. It is actually a Command pattern.

cheers && thanks for your comment,


Posted by Adam Bien on February 17, 2014 at 11:36 AM CET #


I usually put timers to the control package. However: if the timers coordinate multiple controls and act more like a facade, then I would put them to the boundary package.

cheers && thanks for asking about ECB,


Posted by Adam Bien on February 17, 2014 at 11:37 AM CET #

Hi Adam,

are there some restriction in submitting Runnable to a ManagedExecutorService in one @PostConstruct method ?

See following Singleton SB:

public class SimpleStartupMes {
ManagedExecutorService mes;

void startup() {
System.out.println("Starting UP...");
mes.submit(new Runnable() {
public void run() {
System.out.println("HELLO !");
System.out.println("Started !");

When I deploy the EAR to Glassfish-4.0 the anonymous Runnable will not be started,
the String "HELLO !" does not appear.

This is the output:

INFO: Starting UP...
INFO: Started !
INFO: ExecutorServiceTest-ear-1.0.0-SNAPSHOT was successfully deployed in 1.509 milliseconds.

But, when I restart the container then it works.

This is the output after Glassfish restart:

INFO: Starting UP...
INFO: Started !

What is wrong here ?

Thanks !

Posted by Marco on May 14, 2014 at 02:34 PM CEST #

@marco there is an issue related to your comment that you might be interested in following or voting for in the Glassfish JIRA:

Posted by Noah White on July 15, 2014 at 05:29 PM CEST #

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